Axia College of University of Phoenix (UoP)
Financial Accounting Transaction Analysis
Weygandt, J. J., Kimmel, P. D., & Kieso, D. E. (2008). Financial Accounting (6th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
ACC 281 Week Two Solution
Learning Team Assignment
P6-7A Journalize, post, and prepare trial balance and partial income statement using periodic approach
The management of Utley Inc. asks your help in determining the comparative effects of the FIFO and LIFO inventory cost flow methods. For 2008 the accounting records show these data. Inventory, January 1 (10,000 units) $ 35,000 Cost of 120,000 units purchased Selling price of 100,000 units sold Operating expenses 504,500 665,000 130,000 Units purchased consisted of 35,000 units at $4.00 on May 10; 60,000 units at $4.20 on August 15; and 25,000 units at $4.50 on November 20. Incom taxes are 28%. Hint: Compute ending inventory, prepare income statements, and answer questions using FIFO and LIFO. (SO 2 and SO 3)
(a) Prepare comparative condensed income statements for 2008 under FIFO and LIFO. (Show computations of ending inventory.) Gross profit: FIFO $259,000 LIFO $240,500
(b) Answer the following questions for management in the form of a business letter. 1. Which inventory cost flow method produces the most meaningful inventory amount for the balance sheet? Why? 2. Which inventory cost flow method produces the most meaningful net income? Why? 3. Which inventory cost flow method is most likely to approximate the actual physical flow of the goods? Why? 4. How much more cash will be available for management under LIFO than under FIFO? Why? 5. How much of the gross profit under FIFO is illusionary in comparison with the gross profit under LIFO?
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